Skip to main navigation Skip to important topics Skip to content

Practice

General Principles Integrated Plant Protection

Implementation of the Integrated Plant Protection According to the Directive 2009/128/ EC Article 14 para. 4:

The Member States describe in their National Action Plans how they ensure that all professional users of plant protection products apply the general principles of integrated plant protection according to Annex III as of January 1, 2014, at the latest.

The eight principles of IPM according to the directive 2009/128/EC Annex III:

  1. The prevention and/or combating of harmful organsims shall be accomplished or supported among other options especially by:

    • crop rotation
    • use of adequate cultivation techniques (for example stale seedbed technique prior to sowing/ planting, sowing dates and densities, under-sowing, conservation tillage, pruning and direct sowing)
    • use, where appropriate, of resistant/tolerant cultivars and standard/certified seed and planting material,
    • use of balanced fertilisation, liming and irrigation/drainage practices,
    • preventing the spreading of harmful organisms by hygiene measures (for example by regular cleansing of machinery and equipment),
    • protection and enhancement of important beneficial organisms, for example by adequate plant protection measures or the utilisation of ecological infrastructures inside and outside production sites.

  2. Sustainable biological, physical and other non-chemical methods must be preferred to chemical methods if they provide satisfactory pest control.

  3. The pesticides applied shall be as specific as possible for the target and shall have the least side effects on human health, non-target organisms and the environment.

  4. The professional user should keep the use of pesticides and other forms of intervention to the necessary extent, for example by reduced doses, reduced application frequency or partial applications, considering that the level of risk in vegetation is acceptable and they do not increase the risk for development of resistance in populations of harmful organisms.

  5. Where the risk of resistance against a plant protection measure is known and where the level of harmful organisms requires repeated application of pesticides to the crops, available anti-resistance strategies should be applied to maintain the effectiveness of the products. This may include the use of multiple pesticides with different modes of action.

  6. Based on the records on the use of pesticides and on the monitoring of harmful organisms the professional user should check the success of the applied plant protection measures.

  7. Harmful organisms must be monitored by adequate methods and tools, where available. Such adequate tools should include observations in the field as well as scientifically sound warning, forecasting and early diagnosis systems, where feasible, as well as the use of advice from professionally qualified advisors.

  8. Based on the results of the monitoring the professional user has to decide whether and when to apply plant protection measures. Robust and scientifically sound threshold values are essential components for decision making. For harmful organisms threshold levels defined for the region, specific areas, crops and particular climatic conditions must be taken into account before treatments, where feasible.